History

The French Army Gets High in Egypt

By David Jenison

The French Army Gets High in Egypt

The seeds of the Hashish Eaters Club were planted in 1798 when Napoléon Bonaparte—a general at the time—took the French army to Egypt and attempted to disrupt British trade with India. Egyptians preferred hash to alcohol, and the French soldiers wanted to know why. Napoléon banned soldiers from consuming hash in 1800, but like most prohibition, it only served to spur more use. Ironically, the general brought three French scientists to study Egyptian culture, and they also indulged in hash. Many of the French soldiers developed an affinity for hash, and when the colonization attempt failed, interest in hash came back to France with the soldiers. In the decades that followed, both hash and opium became fashionable indulgences in intellectual circles. Despite the Club’s fame (or infamy), widespread cannabis and opium use did not occur in France until the 1960s when a new set of soldiers brought it back from French Indochina, later renamed Vietnam.

What Exactly Did the Hashish Eaters Eat?

Hashish Eaters Club Members

The Origin of the Hashish Eaters

The Hashish Eaters Club

The Scythians

The Genesis of Cannabis

What's Up With the Sticky Moroccan Hash?

Making Hashish the Rif Mountain Way

How is BHO Made?

Nixon vs. Shafer Commission

Nixon vs. Lennon

Prohibition’s Racist Roots

Richard Nixon's Drug War

Cannabis and the CSA

The Substance Schedules